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Washington Semester Program - Foreign Policy

Students with Senator Richard Lugar in the U.S. Capitol

Sample Syllabus

American University
Washington Semester Program
US Foreign Policy II Seminar

Dr. John Calabrese
AU Tel: 895-4913
MEI Tel: 785-1141 ext. 208
Office Hours W/F (by appointment)

The Foreign Policy Seminar aims to familiarize you with the process and content of US foreign policy. It is intended to help you acquire a sound conceptual and practical understanding of the foreign policy challenges that US policy-makers face, and of the reasons for and implications of their decisions. It is also intended to help prepare you for the professional world of international relations and diplomacy. This eight-credit course is designed to complement your internship and your research project (if you are required to complete one). Generally, there are six seminar sessions per week, totaling approximately eight hours of contact (i.e., excluding commuting time). These sessions take place Wednesdays through Fridays. The seminar consists partly of lectures, class discussions, and simulations. However, the distinctive feature and emphasis of the seminar is direct exposure to the policy process through briefings by public officials, policy analysts, and other professionals who are involved in the shaping of US foreign policy. Briefings will be held both on and off campus.

COURSE OBJECTIVES This course will:  

  1. Broaden and deepen students’ knowledge of the contextual factors, elements and challenges
    related to the crafting and conduct of US foreign policy.

  2. Sharpen students’ analytic, oral communication and writing skills through student-led discussions, simulations, team briefings, and policy papers.

  3. Introduce students to the Washington policy community by incorporating into the curriculum guest briefings by policy-makers and other practitioners.


At the conclusion of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Understand the basic principles and purposes of US foreign policy.

  2. Identify current US foreign policy priorities and the core objectives related thereto.

  3. Identify key actors and forces that inform and constrain US foreign policy decision-making and implementation.

  4. Compare and contrast diverse positions on key issues related to the conduct of US foreign policy.

  5. Articulate their own perspectives on important issues in the field.

  6. Demonstrate active learning and engagement through critical questioning, synthesis and evaluation of course readings and resource materials, active discussion, written and oral presentation, and analytical writing.

As previously mentioned, classes will be held on Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 5:30 p.m. Weekly schedules containing meeting times, locations and directions, topics, and the names/bios of guest speakers will be distributed over email on the previous Friday. (Schedules will be provided further in advance when possible). This is a reading and writing intensive course. You are expected to read all assigned reading materials in preparation for class discussion (i.e., the full article unless page numbers are provided). You are also expected to be courteous in your interaction with peers and guests, respecting the right of others to express their opinions, whether or not you share them.


1. Attendance and Participation (20 percent)

For this seminar to function effectively and for you to derive the maximum benefit from it, you are required to attend and arrive on time for all meetings. You may not enter a briefing after a guest has begun speaking. The only valid reasons for missing class are personal illness or a family emergency. You are responsible for material covered in all classes. You are required to participate regularly. You will be evaluated on the quality of your comments and questions.

2. Team Background Briefing (20 percent)

Every student must produce a Background Briefing (i.e., an oral presentation followed by an interactive exercise such as a debate, a focused Q/A or discussion period, or a policy options exercise). Students will work in pairs or small teams for this purpose. The sign-up/assignment schedule will be posted on Google Docs. At least one week before the scheduled date of each presentation, I will supply specific guidelines and suggestions for the Background Briefing team.

3. Two Reaction Papers (40 percent)

You are required to write two papers (1,000-1,200 words, typewritten, double-spaced). Each paper should focus on two or more required readings. Reaction Paper #1 should be based on readings from weeks 1–6. Reaction Paper #2 should be based on readings from weeks 7–13. A sign-up sheet with due dates/times will be posted on Google Docs.

These papers are intended to assist you to read the weekly assignments critically and thoroughly, and to help generate questions for guest speakers. You should not simply summarize the readings. You should “respond” to them; for example, by highlighting a point that you think is of particular interest, discussing an argument with which you agree or disagree, comparing the readings, or linking the readings to lectures, briefings, or current events.

The handout Writing the Reaction Paper (available on Google Docs) offers tips on how to prepare your paper. Save your papers in Microsoft Word or rich text format. Electronic copies are due over email by 9:00 a.m. on Monday. Late papers will not be accepted.

4. Final Examination (20 percent)

The final examination is a 90-minute in-class exercise in which you will be asked to write one long essay (20%). A review sheet/study guide containing a list of topics, readings and briefings will be provided during the last week of class. [Note: No early, late, or make-up exams will be given.]

Final Exam: covers material as described above. Held on Monday, December 10.


Standards of academic conduct are set forth in the AU Academic Integrity Code which can be found at It is expected that all assignments will be completed according to the standards set forth in this code. By registering, students have acknowledged awareness of the Academic code and are obliged to become familiar with their rights and responsibilities as defined by the Code. Violations of the Academic Integrity Code will not be treated lightly, and disciplinary action will be taken should such violations occur. Please see me if there are any questions about the academic violations described in the Code in general, or as they relate to particular requirements for this or any other course or work at AU.


If you experience difficulty in this course for any reason, please do not hesitate to consult with me. In addition to the resources of the department, a wide range of services is available to support you in your efforts to meet the course requirements.

Academic Support Center (x3360, MGC 243) offers study skills workshops, individual instruction, tutor referrals, and services for students with learning disabilities. Writing support is available in the ASC Writing Lab or in the Writing Center, Battelle 228.

Counseling Center (x3500, MGC 214) offers counseling and consultations regarding personal concerns, self-help information, and connections to off-campus mental health resources.

Disability Support Services (x3315, MGC 206) offers technical and practical support and assistance with accommodations for those with physical, medical, or psychological disabilities.

If you qualify for accommodations because of a disability, please notify me in a timely manner with a letter from the Academic Support Center or Disability Support Services so that we can make arrangements to address your needs.


In the event of a declared pandemic (influenza or other communicable disease) (or other emergency), American University will implement a plan for meeting the needs of all members of the university community. Should the university be required to close for a period of time, we are committed to ensuring that all aspects of our educational programs will be delivered to our students. These may include altering and extending the duration of the traditional term schedule to complete essential instruction in the traditional format and/or use of distance instructional methods. All faculty members will design alternative means of completing classes. Specific strategies will vary from class to class, depending on the format of the course and the timing of the emergency. I will communicate class-specific information to students via e-mail, while you must inform me immediately of any absence due to illness or emergency. Students are responsible for checking AU e-mail regularly and keeping themselves informed of emergencies. In the event of a declared pandemic or other emergency, you should refer to the AU Web site (www. prepared american<.edu) and the AU information line at (202) 885-1100 for general university-wide information. AND contact your faculty and/or respective dean’s office for course and school/ college-specific information.

Course Outline and Weekly Readings

Week 1: August 29, 30, 31
US Foreign Policy:
Integrating Power and Purposes

What is foreign policy? What are the various approaches to the study of foreign policy? Which individuals and institutions shape, formulate and implement foreign policy? What is meant by the term “national interest”? What principles and values should guide US foreign policy? What are some of the recurring themes and tensions in US foreign policy? What are the principal geopolitical, economic and domestic factors that inform and constrain US foreign policy? What are the most important foreign policy challenges facing the Obama Administration?


Selective Engagement in the Era of Austerity Robert J. Art. In America’s Path: Grand Strategy for the Next Administration. Richard Fontaine and Kristin Lord (eds.) Center for New American Security. [pp. 13–28]

American Strategy: Grand Versus Grandiose Richard K. Betts. In America’s Path: Grand Strategy for the Next Administration. Richard Fontaine and Kristin Lord (eds.) Center for New American Security. [pp. 29–42]

A Grand Strategy of Network Centrality Anne-Marie Slaughter. In America’s Path: Grand Strategy for the Next Administration. Richard Fontaine and Kristin Lord (eds.) Center for New American Security. [pp. 43–56]

American Grand Strategy at the Crossroads: Leading from the Front, Leading from behind or Not Leading at All Peter Feaver. In America’s Path: Grand Strategy for the Next Administration. Richard Fontaine and Kristin Lord (eds.) Center for New American Security. [57–69]

The End of the American Era Stephen Walt. The National Interest.

TheFutureofAmericanPower: DominanceandDeclineinPerspective Joseph Nye. Foreign Affairs.


GeorgeW. Bush, BarackObama, andtheFutureofUSGlobalLeadership James M. Lindsay. International Affairs.

BringingOurForeignPolicyHome Richard Haass. Time Magazine.

ObamaAbroad: AmbitiousRealism Frank Loy. World Affairs Journal.

SamanthaandHerSubjects Jacob Heilbrun. The National Interest.

MovingontoaPost-WesternWorld Simon Serfaty. Washington Quarterly.

GracefulDecline? TheSurprisingSuccessofGreatPowerRetrenchment Paul MacDonald and Joseph Parent. International Security.

The Allies We Need. Kori Schake. The American Interest. [Full text: use Academic Search Premier database via portal]

WelcometothePost-WesternWorld Stephen F. Szabo. Current History.

ImperialDesign John J. Mearshimer. The National Interest.

Leading Through Civilian Power US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton. Foreign Affairs. [Full text: use Academic Search Premier database via portal]

American Profligacy and American Power Roger A. Altman and Richard Haass. Foreign Affairs. [Full text: use Academic Search Premier database via portal]

TheRiseoftheRest: HowNewEconomicPlayersareReshapingtheGlobe Jake Berliner. NDN White Paper.

TheFutureofAmericanPower: HowAmericaCanSurvivetheRiseoftheRest Fareed Zakaria. Foreign Affairs.


NationalSecurityStrategyoftheUnitedStates and AdvancingOurInterests: FactSheetofActionsinSupportofNSS2010.


InterestingTimes George Packer. The New Yorker.

JamesFallows James Fallows, The Atlantic.

TheWashingtonNote Steve Clemons. The New America Foundation.

DanielW. Drezner Daniel W. Drezner. Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.

ThinkTank Steve Coll. The New Yorker.

AsiaUnbound Elizabeth Economy, Joshua Kurlantzick, et al.

TheInterpreter Lowy Institute for International Policy.

AbuAardvarksMiddleEastBlog Marc Lynch. George Washington University.

InformedComment: ThoughtsontheMiddleEast Juan Cole. University of Michigan.

ForeignPolicyExplainer Joshua Keating.

TheMultilateralist David Bosco.

TheCable Josh Rogin. Foreign Policy.

TurtleBay: ReportingfromInsidetheUnitedNations Colum Lynch.

Week 2: September 5, 6, 7

Transatlantic Relations in Context:

The Euro-Crisis and the US Economic Malaise

What are the driving forces and emerging features of Transatlantic relations? Is the “European project” adrift? To what extent do American and European perspectives and policies closely correspond? What are the key bilateral and international challenges facing the US and Europe? What are the implications of the respective sides’ preoccupation with internal issues for the current and future direction of Transatlantic relations? What are the implications of the Euro crisis for the United States and for Transatlantic relations?


Saving the Euro without Losing the Europeans Stefan Lehne. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

 The Coming Eurozone Austerity Battle Sebastian Mallaby. Council on Foreign Relations.

 GermanyasaGeo-economicPower Hans Kundnani. The Washington Quarterly.

Alliances in the 21st Century: Implications for the US-European Partnership
Jeremy Ghez. RAND Corporation.

TheAtlanticImperativeinanEraofGlobalPowerShift Klaus-Dieter Frankenberger. Transatlantic Academy.


Turkey and the Arab Spring: Implications for Turkish Foreign Policy from a Transatlantic Perspective Nathalie Tocci, et al. German Marshall Fund of the United States.

TheEuroZoneinCrisis Christopher Alessi. CFR Backgrounder.

TheTimeforOurLeadershipIsNow President Barack Obama’s Speech before the British Parliament, May 25, 2011.

 ADiminishingTransatlanticRelationship? Stephen Flanagan, Heather Conley et al. CSIS Report. [Read especially: pp. 1–7, 38–46].

EuropesTroubles: PowerPoliticsandtheStateofEuropesProject Sebastian Rosato. International Security.

TheDis-IntegrationofEurope Jon Laurence and Justin Vaisse. Foreign Policy.

TurkeyandtheIdentityofEurope Dimitris Keridis and Constantine Arvanitopolous. Harvard International Review.

 ReformingtheEuro-AtlanticSecurityArchitecture Jeffrey Mankoff. The Washington Quarterly.


USDepartmentofStateBureauofEuropeanandEurasianAffairs Links to sub-region and country pages. Contains official statements, documents, facts sheets, etc.

NorthAtlanticTreatyOrganization(NATO) NATO homepage.

EuropeanUnion European Union (EU) homepage.

OrganizationforSecurityandCo-operationinEurope(OSCE) OSCE homepage.

Week 3: September 12, 13, 14

Putin 2.0 and the US-Russia “Reset” Reconsidered

What kind of course adjustment has the Obama Administration made in fulfilling its pledge to “reset” US-Russian relations? Has the “reset” succeeded or failed? Has progress on arms control, cooperation on counter-terrorism, and the restructuring of NATO-Russian relations dispelled the lingering mistrust between Washington and Moscow? Are US and Russian perspectives and policies with respect to countries that border the Russian Federation congruent? To what extent does Russia’s petro-politics pose a challenge to US interests in Europe and elsewhere? What does the return of Vladimir Putin to serve a third term as President portend for Russia’s future and that of US-Russian relations?


The United States, Russia, Europe, and Security: How to Address the “Unfinished Business” of the Post-Cold War Era Isabelle Francois. Center for Transatlantic Security Studies, Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University.

How the US Should Deal with Putin’s Russia Ariel Cohen. Heritage Foundation.

Russia and USNational Interests: Why Should Americans Care? Task Force on Russia and US National Interests. Center for National Interest and the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.

TheCrisisofRussianModernisation Wayne Merry. openDemocracy.


The Transatlantic Partnership and Relations with Russia Frances G. Burwell and Svante E. Cornell, eds. Institute for Sec. and Dev. Policy and Atlantic Council of the US.

 RussiainMid-2011 Dmitri Trenin, Sergei Aleksashenko et al. Carnegie Policy Outlook.

 Russia’s Energy Diplomacy John Lough. Chatham House.

 Russia and the 2010 NATO Strategic Concept: New Era of Partnership or Wishful Thinking? Mikayel Bagratuni. Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute.

RussiasRevival: Ambitions, Limitations, andOpportunitiesfortheUnitedStates John Parker. Strategic Perspectives.

 GenerationalChangeandtheFutureofUS-RussianRelations Jeffrey Mankoff. Journal of International Relations.

ManagingtheChallengeofRussianEnergyPolicies Keith C. Smith. Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS).

 AResetfortheUS-RussiaValuesGap Matthew Rojansky and James F. Collins. Carnegie Policy Outlook.

TheTransformationofRussia-USRelations Samuel Charap. Current History.

ResettingUS-RussianRelations: ItTakesTwo David Kramer. The Washington Quarterly.

 RethinkingRussia: Russia, UkraineandCentralEurope: TheReturnofGeopolitics F. Stephen Larrabee. Journal of International Relations.




 RussiaandtheFormerSovietRepublicsMaps From the University of Texas at Austin.

BBC News Resources RussiaCountryProfile AND RussiaTimeline.

RussiaCountryAnalysisBrief Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy.

 TheNewSTARTTreaty: CentralLimitsandKeyProvisions Amy F. Woolf. Congressional Research Service.

 NonproliferationandThreatReductionAssistance: USProgramsintheFormerSovietUnion Amy F. Woolf. Congressional Research Service.

RussianFederation: Parties& Organizations Political Resources on the Net.

Week 4: September 19, 20, 21

The United States and Afghanistan:
Towards a Responsible Withdrawal?

Is Afghanistan of “vital” interest to the United States? What were, and are the primary aims of US policy in Afghanistan? What progress has been made in the development of Afghanistan’s political institutions, the strengthening of its military and police forces, and the resuscitation of its economy? What questions and concerns remain regarding the US-Afghanistan strategic partnership? To what extent did the May 2012 NATO Summit chart a course for a responsible exit from Afghanistan?


Disjointed Ways, Disunified Means: Learning from America's Struggle to Build an Afghan Nation Lewis G. Irwin. Strategic Studies Institute [Read Chapter 1, “Defining the Afghan Problem”].

In Brief: Next Steps in the War in Afghanistan? Issues for Congress
Catherine Dale. Congressional Research Service.

 Afghanistan from 2012-2014: Is a Successful Transition Possible? Anthony H. Cordesman. Center for Strategic and International Studies.

 Measuring Success: Are We Winning? Over 10 Years in Afghanistan Joshua Foust. American Security Project.

Beating a Retreat: Prospects for the Transition Process in Afghanistan
Barbara J. Stapleton. Afghanistan Analysts Network.


The US Must Move Cautiously on Taliban Reconciliation Lisa Curtis. Heritage Foundation.

The Next Fight: Time for a Change of Mission in Afghanistan David W. Barno, Andrew Exum, and Matthew Irvine. CNAS Policy Brief.

 Gambling on Reconciliation to Save a Transition Ashley Tellis. Carnegie Policy Outlook.

 The Afghanistan-Pakistan War at the End of 2011: Strategic Failure? Talk Without Hope? Tactical Success? Spend not Build (And Then Stop Spending)? Anthony Cordesman. Center for Strategic and International Studies.

A Review of the 2001 Bonn Conference and Application to the Road Ahead in Afghanistan Mark Fields and Ramsha Ahmed. Strategic Perspectives.

Afghanistan: TheImpossibleTransition Gilles Dorronsoro. Carnegie Paper.

 BeyondAfghanistan: ARegionalSecurityStrategyforSouthandCentralAsiaLTG David W. Barno, USA (ret.), Andrew Exum, and Matthew Irvine. Center for a New American Security.

Afghanistan2011–2014 andBeyond: FromSupportOperationstoSustainablePeace Luis Peran and Ashley Tellis (eds). European Union Institute for Security Studies and Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Joint Report.

Taliban2.0 Dov S. Zakheim. The National Interest.

DeconstructingDemocracy inAfghanistanAnna Larson. Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit.

TheBattleforAfghanistan: NegotiationswiththeTaliban: HistoryandProspectsfortheFutureThomas Ruttig. New America Foundation.

WinningHeartsandMinds? ExaminingtheRelationshipbetweenAidandSecurityinAfghanistansHelmandProvinceStuart Gordon. Feinstein Internat’l Center.

AfghanistanBeyondtheFogofNation-Building: GivingEconomicStrategyaChance S. Frederick Starr. Silk Road Paper. Central Asia-Caucasus Institute.

AfghanistanattheBreakingPoint Gilles Dorronsoro. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

 ResponsibleTransition: SecuringUSInterestsinAfghanistanBeyond2011 Lt. Gen. (ret.) David Barno and Andrew Exum. Center for New American Security.

Realignment: ManagingaStableTransitiontoAfghanResponsibility Caroline Wadhams, Colin Cookman, Brian Katulis, and Larry Korb.

Afghanistan: Long-TermSolutionsandPerilousShortcuts Ali Jalali. Prism.

 NoSignuntiltheBurstofFire: UnderstandingtheAfghanistan-PakistanFrontier Thomas Johnson and M. Chris Mason. International Security.


AfghanistanMaps From the University of Texas at Austin.

ProfileofAfghanistanfromtheAsiaSociety Features a map and statistical data.

BBC News Resources AfghanistanCountryProfile and AfghanistanTimeline

Afghanistanin2010: ASurveyoftheAfghanPeopleThe Asia Foundation.

 Afghanistan: Post-TalibanAfghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and US Policy, SecurityandUSPolicy Kenneth Katzman. Congressional Research Service.

 USAIDinAfghanistan. US Agency for International Development.

 AfghanistanOpiumSurvey2011: WinterRapidAssessmentAllRegions- Phases1 and2 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.


DebatingNextStepsinAfghanistan CFR Analysis Brief [contains links to other short pieces – opposing viewpoints – on US Afghanistan policy]

Week 5: September 26, 27, 28

The United States and Pakistan:

A Troubled and Tenuous Relationship

Is Pakistan a credible ally? Does the United States need Pakistan, or the other way around? What key trends and developments in Pakistan pose a challenge for US policy in South Asia and in the wider campaign against terrorism? What are the sources of mistrust and policy differences between the US and Pakistan? What leverage does the United States have, and what instruments can it employ to advance its interests in Pakistan?


Getting Back to a Functional Relationship with Pakistan: The United States Needs to Stay Engaged Brian Katulis. Center for American Progress.

A Strategy of “Congagement” toward Pakistan Zalmay Khalilzad. The Washington Quarterly.

AMutinyGrowsinPunjab Anatol Lieven. The National Interest.

The Anarchic Republic of Pakistan Ahmed Rashid. The National Interest.

Drone Warfare: Blowback from the New American Way of War Leila Hudson, Colin S. Owens, and Matt Flannes. Middle East Policy.

My Drone War Pir Zubair Shah. Foreign Policy.


Pakistan-US Relations Alan Kronstadt. CRS Report for Congress.

Subnational Governance, Service Delivery, and Militancy in Pakistan Robert D. Lamb and Sadika Hameed. Center for Strategic and International Studies.

Pakistan’s Impending Defeat in Afghanistan Ashley J. Tellis. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

US-Pakistan Relations: Common and Clashing Interests Shehzad Qazi. World Affairs Journal.

Pakistan’s Relations with India: Beyond Kashmir? International Crisis Group.

Backgrounder: Targeted Killings Jonathan Masters. Council on Foreign Relations.

The Year of the Done: An Analysis of US Drone Strikes in Pakistan, 2004–2012 New America Foundation.

Charting the Data for US Airstrikes in Pakistan, 2004–2012 Bill Roggier and Alexander Mayer. The Long War Journal.

US-Pakistan Reset: Still Need to Deal with Terrorist Sanctuaries Lisa Curtis. Heritage Foundation.

Practice Makes Perfect?: The Changing Civilian Toll of CIA Drone Strikes in Pakistan Avery Plaw, Matthew S. Fricker and Brian Glyn Williams. Perspectives on Terrorism.

2014 and Beyond: US Policy Toward Pakistan C. Christine Fair. Testimony Before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs.

Lashkar-e-Taiba: PastOperationsandFutureProspects Stephen Tankel. New America Foundation Policy Paper.

Pakistan-USRelations: ASummaryK. Alan Kronstadt. Congressional Research Service.

AfterbinLaden: BringingChangetoPakistansCounterterrorismPoliciesLisa Curtis. Heritage Foundation.

Getting the Military Out of Pakistani Politics. Aqil Shah. Foreign Affairs. [Full text: use Academic Search Premier database via portal]

TheUS-PakistanStalemate Imtiaz Gul. Foreign Policy.

PakistansCounterterrorismStrategy: SeparatingFriendsfromEnemiesAyesha Siddiqa. The Washington Quarterly.

 PakistanintheDangerousZone: ATenuousUS-PakistanRelationship Shuja Nawaz. Atlantic Council of the United States.

CantheUnitedStatesSecureanInsecureState? C. Christine Fair, Keith Crane, Christopher Chivvis, Samir Puri, and Michael Spirtas. RAND Monograph. [Read pp. 139–201]

RadicalizationbyChoice: ISIandthePakistaniArmy. Robert Oakley and Franz-Stefan Gady. Strategic Forum, No. 247.


CrisisGuide: Pakistan From Council on Foreign Relations. Interactive format.




PakistanMaps From the University of Texas at Austin.

PakistanIndex- TrackingVariablesofReconstructionandSecurityinPakistan
Brookings Institution.

ProfileofPakistanfromtheAsiaSociety Features a map and statistical data.

BBC News Resources PakistanCountryProfile AND PakistanTimeline.



PakistansNewGenerationofTerrorists CFR Backgrounder.

TheISIandTerrorism: BehindtheAccusations CFR Backgrounder.

 IslamandPoliticsinPakistan CFR Backgrounder.

PakistanDoublingRateofMakingNuclearWeapons: TimeforPakistantoReverseCourseDavid Albright and Paul Brannan. Institute for Science and Int’l. Security.

 NuclearRiskReductioninSouthAsiaafterMumbaiTranscript of a Carnegie Endowment for International Peace event.

EndingPakistansNuclearAddictionDaryl G. Kimball. Arms Control Association.

PakistanDoublesitsNuclearArsenal: IsitTimetoStartWorrying?
Alexander H. Rothman and Lawrence J. Korb. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.

Managing the Danger from Pakistan’s Nuclear Stockpile Jeffrey Lewis. New America Foundation.

Pakistan’s Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues Paul K. Kerr and Mary Beth Nikitin. Congressional Research Service.

Week 6: October 3, 4, 5

The US–India “Strategic Partnership”:
Parameters, Possibilities and Constraints

Why is it in the long-term interest of the United States to build a multifaceted partnership with India? Are the national interests, strategic objectives and external policies of the United States and India congruent? What tangible progress has been made in the development of USIndia relations in recent years? To what extent have domestic politics advanced or constrained the broadening and deepening of USIndia relations?


India’s Internal Security Challenges Ajai Sahni. National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR) [Read pp. 1–24].

 Managing Multipolarity: India’s Security Strategy in a Changing World C. Raja Mohan. National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR) [pp. 25–49].

Hillary Clinton Visits India: Understanding the Unstated S. D. Muni. Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore.

Limits of the Jugaad Growth Model: No Workaround to Good Governance for India Russell A Green. James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy.

The United States and India: A Shared Strategic Future Robert D. Blackwill, Naresh Chandra and Christopher Clary. Council on Foreign Relations.


India’s Rise as an Asia-Pacific Power: Rhetoric and Reality Sandy Gordon. Australian Strategic Policy Institute.

IndiaandtheUnitedStates: VisionfortheFuture Address by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

The Politics of India's Unfinished Economic ReformsSwaminathan S. Anklesaria Aiyar. German Marshall Fund of the United States.

India’s Continuing Search for ‘Strategic Autonomy’ Harsh V. Pant. International Relations and Security Network.

The Pragmatic Challenge to Indian Foreign Policy Deepa Ollapally and Rajesh Rajagopalan. The Washington Quarterly.

AmericasInterestsinIndia Marshall M. Bouton. Center for New American Security Working Paper.

ReimaginingUS-IndiaRelations Ashley J. Tellis. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

TowardRealisticUS-IndiaRelations George Perkovich. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

TheUSandIndia: 10 YearsOut Teresita Schaffer. CNAS Working Paper.

NaturalAllies: ABlueprintforUS-IndiaRelations Richard Armitage, Nicholas burns, and Richard Fontaine. CNAS Report.

 India-USRelations K. Alan Krondstadt et al. Congressional Research Service.

 PrioritizingStrategicInterestsinSouthAsia Robert Oakley and T.X. Hammes. Strategic Forum, No. 256.

UnderstandingtheDualityinIndianStrategicThinking Manvendra Singh. German Marshall Fund of the United States.




WorldBankChart: IndiaataGlance.

 IndiaMaps From the University of Texas at Austin.

ProfileofIndiafromtheAsiaSocietyFeatures a map and statistical information.

TheUS-IndiaNuclearCooperationDealArms Control Association.

USNuclearCooperationwithIndia: IssuesforCongressPaul K. Kerr. Congressional Research Service.

Weeks 7 and 8: October 10, 11 and 17, 18, 19

China’s Rise and the “Rebalancing” of US Policy toward Asia

What are the rationale, methods, and prospects for success of the Obama administration’s efforts to “rebalance” America’s foreign policy toward Asia? What opportunities and challenges does China’s economic rise and military modernization pose for the United States? How have China’s neighbors reacted to China’s increasing power and external policies? What are the sources of friction and areas of cooperation between the US and China at the bilateral level? What are the main political, socio-economic and demographic changes facing China, and what implications might they have for the United States? How can the US best promote security and stability in Asia and a constructive relationship with China?


For Week 7:

 An Asian Security Standoff Alan Dupont. The National Interest.

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement: Challenges and Potential
Hearing before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade, and Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific.

* Philip I. Levy

* Linda Menghetti

* Celeste Drake

“The United States and Asia in 2011: Obama Determined to Bring America ‘Back’ to Asia.” Douglas Paal. Asian Survey [Full text: use Academic Search Premier database AU Bender Library page via portal]

America’s Pacific Century Hillary Clinton. Foreign Policy.

For Week 8:

Reassessing China: Awaiting Xi Jinping William Overholt. The Washington Quarterly.

“The Wobbly Dragon.” Derek Scissors. Foreign Affairs [Full text: use Academic Search Premier database AU Library page via portal]

“The Inevitable Superpower.” Arvind Subramaniam. Foreign Affairs [Full text: use Academic Search Premier database AU Bender Library page via portal]

“Hegemony with Chinese Characteristics.” Aaron Friedberg. The National Interest [Full text: use Academic Search Premier database AU Bender Library page via portal]

“The Future of US-China Relations.” Henry Kissinger. Foreign Affairs [Full text: use Academic Search Premier database AU Bender Library page via portal]


For Week 7:

The South China Sea: Oil, Maritime Claims, and U.S.-China Strategic Rivalry
Leszek Buszynski. The Washington Quarterly.

Navigating a Sea of Troubles: US Alliances and Maritime Disputes in East Asia
Thomas U. Berger. East Asia Institute.

The Vietnam Solution: How a Former Enemy became a Crucial US Ally in Balancing China’s Rise Robert D. Kaplan. The Atlantic.

Japan’s Response to China’s Rise Charles Grant. Centre for European Reform.

Japan-US Relations: Issues for Congress William Cooper and Mark Manyin. CRS Report for Congress.

Stirring Up the South China Sea (I) International Crisis Group.

The Eagle Returns: Resurgent US Strategy in Southeast Asia and its Policy Implications
William Tow. Australian Strategic Policy Institute.

Why America No Longer Gets Asia Evan A. Feigenbaum. The Washington Quarterly.

For Week 8:

China’s Economic Conditions Wayne Morrison. CRS Report for Congress.

Chinese Economic Reform: How the US Should Prepare Derek Scissors. Heritage Foundation.

CopingWithaConflictedChina David Shambaugh. The Washington Quarterly.

Chinese Nationalism and Its Discontents Robert Ross. The National Interest.

Should the United States Abandon Taiwan? Nancy Bernkopf Tucker and Bonnie Glaser. The Washington Quarterly.

Updating the China Model Bruce Dickson. The Washington Quarterly.

China: TheNewVirtualPoliticalSystem Elizabeth Economy and Jared Mondschein. CFR Expert Brief.

HowChinaWillChangetheWayWeThink: TheCaseoftheState Martin Jacques. Transatlantic Academy.

 Cross-StraitRelations: SettingtheStagefor2012 Alan D. Romberg. China Leadership Monitor.

China-JapanSecurityRelations Richard C. Bush III. Brookings Policy Brief.

The Geography of Chinese Power. Robert Kaplan. Foreign Affairs [Full text: use Academic Search Premier database via portal]

Shaping the Choices of a Rising China Thomas Christensen. Washington Quarterly.

ManagingStrategicCompetitionwithChina Phillip Saunders. Strategic Forum.

 TheNewSecurityDramainEastAsia: TheResponsesofU.S. AlliesandSecurityPartnerstoChinasRise Evan S. Medeiros. Naval War College Review.


Understanding China’s Political System Susan Lawrence. CRS Report for Congress.

The US-Taiwan Relationship: Overview of Policy Issues Shirley Kan. CRS Report for Congress.

US-ChinaRelations: PolicyIssuesSusan V. Lawrence and Thomas Lum. Congressional Research Service.

Energy Information Agency on China and Taiwan.

ChinaMilitaryGuide GlobalSecurity.Org.

ChineseMilitaryPower. The Commonwealth Institute.

China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities - Background and Issues for Congress Ronald O'Rourke. CRS Report for Congress.

 Taiwan: MajorUSArmsSalesSince1990. Shirley A. Kan. Congressional Research Service.

China’s Internal Dilemmas,

China’s Foreign Policy: Challenges and Players,

China’s Narratives Regarding National Security Policy,

US-ChinaCounterterrorismCooperation: IssuesforU.S. Policy Shirley A. Kan. Congressional Research Service.

Human Rights and the People’s Republic of China:

Amnesty International's Online Documentation Archives: China

Human Rights Watch Pages: China and Tibet

US State Department Country Reports for Human Rights Practices - 2011 China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, and Macau)

Human Rights in China and U.S. Policy Thomas Lum and Hannah Fischer. Congressional Research Service.

US State Department Country Reports for Human Rights Practices - 2010: China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, and Macau)

China's Human Rights Puzzle Jerome A. Cohen. Council on Foreign Relations.

Week 9: October 24, 25, 26

The United States and the Korean Peninsula:
Linchpin of Stability and Prosperity in Northeast Asia

Does current US policy effectively address the full spectrum of threats posed by North Korean weapons of mass destruction, missiles, conventional forces, and transnational criminal activity? Does US assistance mitigate the suffering of the North Korean people or merely help to sustain a repressive and authoritarian regime? Have South Korean and US attempts to “engage” the DPRK been naive and dangerous? What additional steps can and should the United States take in order to further peace and stability not just on the Korean peninsula but in Northeast Asia as a whole?


Busting the Myths About the North Korea Problem David Lai. Strategic Studies Institute.

North Korea after Kim Jong-il: Still Dangerous and Erratic Hearing before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs:

* Frederick Fleitz

* Michael J. Green

* Scott A. Snyder

* Patrick M. Cronin

NorthKorea: USRelations, NuclearDiplomacy, andInternalSituation. Emma Chanlett-Avery. Congressional Research Service.

PyongyangsSurvivalStrategy: ToolsofAuthoritarianControl Daniel Byman and Jennifer Lind. International Security.

CriminalSovereignty: UnderstandingNorthKoreasIllicitInternationalActivities Paul Kan, Bruce Bechtol, and Robert Collins. Letort Papers.


US-South Korean Relations Mark Manyin. CRS Report for Congress.

 North Korea: US Relations, Nuclear Diplomacy, and Internal Situation Emma Chanletyt-Avery. CRS Report for Congress.

Prospects for a Peoples’ Revolution in North Korea: Is Pyongyang Going to Be the Next Tripoli? Seongho Sheen. East Asia Institute.

 UncertaintiesintheNorthKoreanNuclearThreat Bruce Bennett. RAND Corporation.

 USPolicytowardtheKoreanPeninsula CFR Task Force Report, No. 64.

 MappingNorthKorea: TheNeedforCoordinationbetweenWashingtonandSeoul Richard Fontaine and Micah Springut.

NorthKoreaunderTighteningSanctions International Crisis Group Asia Brief.

 PlayingtheSameGame: NorthKoreasCoerciveAttempt Marushige Michishita.

WhatDoTheyReallyWant?: ObamasNorthKorea Victor D. Cha. The Washington Quarterly.

NorthKorea: Challenges, Interests, andPolicy James Przystup. Strategic Forum.

Human Rights and the Democratic Peoples’ Republic of North Korea (North Korea):

 Amnesty International's Online Documentation Archive - North Korea

Human Rights Watch North Korea Page

North Korean Human Rights: Major Characteristics and Changes
Kim Soo-Am and Lee Kyu-Chang. Korean Institute for National Unification.

U.S. State Department Country Report for Human Rights Practices in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea - 2011

Human Rights in North Korea: Is It Possible? Roberta Cohen. US-Korea Institute.

North Korea: The World’s Principal Violator of Responsibility to Protect
Robert Park. Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs.

 Taken! North Korea’s Criminal Abduction of Citizens of Other Countries
Yoshi Yamamoto. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea.

Pursuing Peace While Advancing Rights: The Untried Approach to North Korea David Hawk. US-Korea Institute at SAIS.


CrisisGuide: TheKoreanPeninsula From the Council on Foreign Relations (interactive format).

 ArmsControlAssociation(ACA) ResourcesonNorthKoreanNuclearProgram.





 WorldBankChart: SouthKoreaataGlance.

Week 10: October 31, November 1, 2

The United States and Iran:
Towards Détente or Confrontation?

What are the causes of the animosity that has existed between the United States and Iran since 1979? What are the main obstacles to a positive breakthrough in US-Iranian relations? Has the Obama’s administration’s “dual-track” policy toward Iran worked? What can the United States do to bring about the concessions it demands (particularly with respect to nuclear weapons) and the cooperation it needs (in Iraq and Afghanistan) from Iran?


Strategic Adaptation: Toward a New US Strategy in the Middle East Bruce W. Jentleson et al. Center for a New American Security.

The P5+1, Iran, and the Perils of Nuclear Brinkmanship International Crisis Group.

Gulf Kaleidoscope: Reflections on the Iranian Challenge Jon B. Alterman, ed. Center for Strategic and International Studies. [Read pp. 1–45.]

To Keep the Peace with Iran, Threaten to Strike Michael Singh. The Washington Quarterly.

Doubling Down on Iran Kenneth Pollack and Ray Takeyh. The Washington Quarterly.

Upheaval: US Policy Toward Iran in a Changing Middle East Marc Lynch. Center for a New American Security.


Iran: US Concerns and Policy Responses Kenneth Katzman. Congressional Research Service.

The Lengthening List of Iran Sanctions Greg Bruno and Toni Johnson. Council on Foreign Relations.

Containing and Deterring a Nuclear Iran: Questions for Strategy, Requirements for Military Forces Thomas Donnelly, Danielle Pletka, and Maseh Zarif. American Enterprise Institute (AEI) Report.

Negotiating Afghanistan: When? With Whom? About What? Thomas Pickering. Prism.

TheGeopoliticalBattlefortheArabStreet Trita Parsi and Reza Marashi. The Cairo Review of Global Affairs.

Strained Alliances: Iran’s Troubled Relations to Afghanistan and Pakistan Janne Bjerre Christensen. Danish Institute for International Studies.

“Strategically Lonely” Iran Exploits Opportunities for Regional Influence Barbara Slavin. Atlantic Council of the United States.

USandIranianStrategicCompetition: CompetitionbetweentheUSandIraninIraqCharles Loi. Center for Strategic and International Studies.

Iran in Iraq: The Role of Muqtada al-Sadr Michael Knights. Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

Iran’s Nuclear Program: Tehran’s Compliance with International Obligations Paul K. Kerr. Congressional Research Service.

USandIranianStrategicCompetition: SaudiArabiaandtheGulfStates
Marissa Allison. Center for Strategic and International Studies.

 ZoroasterandtheAyatollahs Abbas Milani. The National Interest.

TheSupremeLeader Karim Sadjadpour, The Iran Primer, US Institute of Peace.

IranandIslam Juan Cole, The Iran Primer, US Institute of Peace.

 IranandDemocracy Daniel Brumberg, The Iran Primer, US Institute of Peace.

TheGreenMovement Abbas Milani, The Iran Primer, US Institute of Peace.

 TheRevolutionaryEconomy Suzanne Maloney, The Iran Primer, US Institute of Peace.

Understanding Iranian Foreign Policy R.K. Ramazani, The Iranian Revolution at 30, Middle East Institute, pp. 12–15.

After the Tehran Spring Kian Tajbakhsh, The Iranian Revolution at 30, Middle East Institute, pp. 16–20.




IranMaps From the University of Texas at Austin

BBC News Resources IranCountryProfile AND IranTimeline.



 Iran: EthnicandReligiousMinorities Hussein D. Hassan. Congressional Research Service.

Week 11: November 7, 8, 9

The United States and Iraq:

Unfinished Business and an Uncertain Future

With the US completion of the withdrawal of combat forces from Iraq, what are the sources of continuing insecurity there? What, if anything, can the US do to foster progress in Iraq on the political front? What are the bright spots and bottlenecks in Iraq’s economic reconstruction? What steps are needed to address the “human security” challenges facing Iraq, particularly with respect to refugee and internally displaced persons (IDPs)?


Iraq after the US Withdrawal: Staring into the Abyss Daniel Möckli. Center for Security Studies, ETH Zurich.

Halting the Descent: U.S. Policy Toward the Deteriorating Situation in Iraq
Hearing before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia:

* GEN John M. Keane, USA (ret.)

* LTG James Dubik, USA (ret.)

* Kimberly Kagan

* Colin H. Kahl

Iraq: Politics, Governance and Human Rights Kenneth Katzman. CRS Report for Congress.


American Policy toward Iraq after 2011 Kenneth Pollack. Testimony Before the Committee on Armed Services of the US Senate.

Iraq and US Strategy in the Gulf: Shaping US Plans after Withdrawal
Adam Mausner and Anthony Cordesman. Center for Strategic and International Studies.

IraqiSecurityForces: LocalContextandUSAssistance Michael Knights. Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP).

IraqiRefugeesandIDPs: FromHumanitarianInterventiontoDurableSolutions Géraldine Chatelard. MEI-FRS Project on Protracted Displacement.

TheComingTurkish-IranianCompetitioninIraq Sean Kane. US Institute of Peace.

TheUnitedStatesinIraq: Optionsfor2012 Sean Kane and William Taylor. US Institute of Peace.

Iraq’s Petroleum Industry: Unsettled Issues Thomas Donovan et al. MEI


IraqandtheKurds: ConfrontingWithdrawalFears International Crisis Group.

TheUnitedStatesinIraqBeyond201: ADiminishingButStillVitalRole Lt. Gen. James Dubik. Institute for the Study of War, Iraq Report 15.

 MadeinIran”: TheIranianInvolvementinIraq Yoel Guzansky. Strategic Assessment.

TheFutureofUS-IraqRelations Ellen Laipson. The Henry L. Stimson Center.

IraqiRefugees: AToughRoadHome International Rescue Committee.

 IraqsUncertainFuture: ElectionsandBeyond International Crisis Group Middle East Report, No. 94.

The Anbar Awakening: An Alliance of Incentives John McCrary. The Washington Quarterly.


Timeline: TheIraqWar From the Council on Foreign Relations (interactive format).


IraqCountryPage CIA World Factbook.

IraqIndex From the Brookings Institution (regularly updated compilation of statistics on security, the economy and public opinion).

StruggleforIraq BBC web page with links to special reports, analysis, fast facts.

USGovernmentReportsonIraq US Government Accountability Office (GAO) investigative reports on various aspects of US operations in Iraq, including on contractors, reconstruction efforts, etc.

Week 12: November 14, 15, 16

The “Arab Awakening”:

US Policy Challenges and Responses

What are the US interests in the Middle East and North Africa? What opportunities and challenges has the political upheaval across the region — from Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt in North Africa to Syria in the Levant, Bahrain in the Gulf, and Yemen in the Arabian Peninsula — posed for the United States? How, and how effectively, has the Obama Administration reacted to these momentous developments?


The Salafi Awakening Daniel Byman and Zack Gold. The National Interest.

Prioritizing Democracy: How the Next President Should Re-Orient U.S. Policy in the Middle East Shadi Hamid. Brookings Institution.

Change in the Middle East: Implications for US Policy Christopher Blanchard et al. CRS Report for Congress.

Beware the Duck Test Bruce W. Jentleson. The Washington Quarterly.

TheArabWave Eugene Rogan. The National Interest.


Egypt: Transition Under Military Rule Jeremy Sharp. CRS Report for Congress.

Syria Unrest and US Policy Jeremy Sharp. CRS Report for Congress.

US Options for Syria: Action vs. Inaction Michael Singh. Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

What Syria’s Power Struggle Means Vali R. Nasr. Council on Foreign Relations.

Syria’s Maturing Insurgency Joseph Holliday. Institute for the Study of War.

The Regional Implications of the Conflict in Syria George Joffé. Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre.

Turkey’s Time in Syria: Future Scenarios Joshua W. Walker. Crown Center for Middle East Studies, Brandeis University.

Rethinking US Relations with a Changing Egypt Michele Dunne. Project on Middle East Democracy.

The Arab Spring: Implications for US Policy and Interests Middle East Institute.

American and European Responses to the Arab Spring: What’s the Big Idea? Uri Dadush and Michele Dunn. The Washington Quarterly.

Danger: TyrantsFalling Jeffrey Goldberg. The Atlantic.

 ArmyGuys Robert Springborg and Clement Henry. The American Interest.

TheMiddleEastCrisisThatJustWontGoAway Salman Shaikh. Foreign Policy.

StruggleforMiddleEastDemocracy Shadi Hamid. Cairo Review of Global Affairs.


Issue Guide: Egypt’s Tenuous Road to Democracy CFR Analysis Brief. [Contains links to other short analytical pieces and interviews with experts.]

Issue Guide: Plotting a Course for Syrian Peace CFR Analysis Brief [Same as above.]

 IssueGuide: NorthAfricaandMiddleEastProtests CFR Analysis Brief. [Same as above.]

Online Sources on the Egyptian Revolution.

 Timeline: OilandForeignPolicy From the Council on Foreign Relations.

Week 13: November 28, 29, 30

The United States and the Republic of Mexico:
Common Interests ― Shared Responsibilities

What are the principal US interests in the Western Hemisphere, and specifically in Latin America? How have counter-narcotics and oil factored into regional politics and into US strategic thinking and policy? The US-Mexico border region serves as a commercial and tourism corridor that is vital to the economies and societies of both countries. The border is also where the bulk of law enforcement activities to counter transnational crime take place. What are the sources, scale, and scope of the security challenges facing the border region? How can US and Mexican efforts to address these challenges be strengthened?


Remaking the Relationship: The United States and Latin America Inter-American Dialogue.

A Cautionary Tale: Plan Colombia’s Lessons for US Policy Toward Mexico and Beyond Lisa Haugaard, Adam Isacson, and Jennifer Johnson. Latin America Working Group, Center for International Policy, and Washington Office on Latin America.

TheDrugWarinMexico: ConfrontingaSharedThreat David Shirk. Council on Foreign Relations Special Report, No. 60.

 TheGeopoliticsofNorthernMexico David Danelo. Foreign Policy Research Institute.

BeyondMerida: TheEvolvingApproachtoSecurityCooperationEricOlsonandChristopherWilson. Working Paper Series on US-Mexican Security Cooperation.


 WhatistheBolivarianAlternativetotheAmericasandWhatDoesitDo? Joel D. Hirst. Americas Quarterly.

 TimeforaNewApproachtoMexico David Danelo. Foreign Policy Research Institute.

 DrugTraffickingOrganizationsandCounter-DrugStrategiesintheUS-MexicanContext Luis Astorga and David Shirk. In Shared Responsibility. Ed. by Eric Olson, Andrew Selee and David Shirk.

HowCanUSDomesticDrugPolicyHelpMexico Peter Reuter. In Shared Responsibility. Ed. by Eric Olson, Andrew Selee and David Shirk.

CombatingOrganizedCrimeandDrugTraffickinginMexico: WhatareMexicanandUSStrategies? AreTheyWorking? In Shared Responsibility. Ed. by Eric Olson, Andrew Selee and David Shirk.


Mexican Migration to the US: Policy and Trends Marc Rosenblum et al. CRS Report for Congress.

The State of Trade, Competitivenss and Economic Well-Being in the U.S.-Mexico Border Region Erik Lee and Christopher E. Wilson. Border Research Partnership: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, and the North American Center for Transborder Studies at Arizona State University

US-MexicoEconomicRelations: Trends, Issues, andImplications M. Angeles Villareal. Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report.

MexicoCountryPage Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook.

Timeline: US-MexicoRelations Interactive timeline from the Council on Foreign Relations.


Week 14: December 5, 6, 7

Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur — Conflicts Unending?
Challenges for US Africa Policy

What are the United States’ principal interests in Africa? Which American interests, if any, are at stake in Sudan? What are the root causes of and key players in Sudan’s internal conflicts? What have been the key recent developments in the Sudanese struggle for peace? What has the United States already done, and what additional practical steps can the United States take to promote a stable and constructive relationship between Sudan and newly independent South Sudan and to forestall the intensification of violence in Darfur and Eastern Sudan?


Sudan: From Conflict to Conflict Marina Ottaway and Mai El-Sadany. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

“The North-South Sudan Conflict 2012.” Hearing before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, and Human Rights:

* AMB Princeton Lyman

* Nancy E. Lindborg

* Anne C. Richard

South Sudan: Origins and Implications of Emerging (In)Security Dynamics
Andrews Atta-Asamoah, Roba D. Sharamo and Philip M. Mwanzia. Institute for Security Studies.

WhitherAfrica? Shimelse Ali and Uri Dadush. Carnegie Policy Outlook.


  • “A Comprehensive Assessment of US Policy Toward Sudan.” Hearing before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, and Human Rights:

* AMB Princeton Lyman

* Ker Deng

* Gérard Prunier

* John Prendergast

 TowardaNewRepublicofSudan Jon Temin. US Institute of Peace.

 OilandStateBuildinginSouthSudanNewCountry, OldIndustry Jill Shankleman. US Institute of Peace.

 Sudan: AssessingRiskstoStability Richard Downie. CSIS Report.

TheRepublicofSouthSudan: OpportunitiesandChallengesforAfrica'sNewestCountry Ted Dagne. Congressional Research Service.

 RethinkingSudanafterSouthernSecession Amanda Hsiao and Laura Jones. The Enough Project.

SecessionandPrecedentinSudanandAfricaJon Temin. United States Institute of Peace.

SouthernSudan: ReferendaandBeyondSaferworld.

RenewingthePledge: Re-EngagingtheGuarantorsoftheSudaneseComprehensivePeaceAgreement Refugees International.

TheCrisisinDarfurandtheStatusoftheNorth-SouthPeaceAgreement Ted Dagne. CRS Report for Congress.

AfricanConflictsandUSDiplomacy: RolesandChoices Jennifer Cooke and Richard Downie. A Report of the CSIS Africa Program and the American Academy for Diplomacy.


SudanontheInternet From Stanford University Library. This web page contains an alphabetized list of/links to numerous internet resources on the two Sudans.

Sudan: CountryProfileandPoliticalBackground European Commission.


 SouthSudanInfo Website with links to publications and other Sudan-related resources.

CrisisGuide: Darfur From the Council on Foreign Relations (interactive format).

Student Experience

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