What is the relationship between the many and the one?
This is the question that preoccupied the thoughts of the ancient philosophers. They would look a forest of trees and note that all the trees were different, but yet also the same. Likewise, human beings all displayed individual differences but were obviously the same kind of thing. What was the relationship, they wondered, between the individual distinctiveness that they could observe, but the obvious sameness between all those different entities.
And so they began to posit that perhaps everything visible was merely a derivative "shadow" of some ideal. The trees you're seeing are mere shadows of the ideal tree in the realm of forms. Or perhaps what we were seeing in the individuals were mere accidents, outward measurable variations and that which unified us was our substance.
That's all well and good for the philosophers, I suppose, but how do we understand the relationship between the many and the one? (Read more...)
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