Volume 7, Number 1 (June 2016)—download Full Issue
DISPARITIES OF POVERTY IN EASTERN AFRICA: ETHIOPIA AND KENYA
By Lara Jakiel
This article analyzes the phenomenon of poverty in the neighboring East African nations of Ethiopia and Kenya. The article first examines each country’s income per capita and the prevalence of income poverty among its citizens. It then considers the elements that may result in poverty differences between these countries, including a lack of access to education, fragile food security, and poor healthcare. This article also illustrates the overall effect poverty has on the welfare of citizens in Ethiopia and Kenya and explores actions the Ethiopian and Kenyan governments have taken and could take in the future to foster economic growth and eliminate poverty in their countries.
BOOM OR BUST: URBANIZATION IN BRAZIL AND INDONESIA
By Cole Burdell
This article examines how two of the largest and economically diverse countries on two separate continents have developed through urbanization: Indonesia and Brazil. Indonesia is currently being inhabited across its more than seventeen thousand islands with massive urbanization in Jakarta. Brazil has experienced a long-term urban migration to a variety of cities. This article compares the histories of the two countries, their urban trends, and future initiatives to help with the massive influx of people.
CROWDED HOUSE: ANALYZING OVERPOPULATION AND POVERTY IN BANGLADESH AND INDONESIA
By Sarina Kirpalani
This article analyzes some main factors related to extreme poverty and overpopulation in both Bangladesh and Indonesia, and discusses possible solutions to these current issues. The primary focus of this article is to discuss the impact of environmental issues, lack of resources and poor family planning on overpopulation and its consequential result of poverty. The article aims to provide an insightful analysis of the factors in these two countries that contribute to overpopulation and poverty and to examine some possible interventions to stabilize the rates of population growth and to reduce endemic poverty in these nations.
PATRIARCHAL POWER AND GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE IN GUATEMALA AND EL SALVADOR
By Ambar Pardilla
This article explores the relationship between the mindset of machismo found in the Central American countries of Guatemala and El Salvador and how that patriarchal power perpetuates violence towards women. The aim of the article is to find the foundation of cultural constraints in Guatemala and El Salvador and to explain how institutions have neglected women. It interprets the differences and similarities between the consequences of the gender-based violence in the two countries. Some of the consequences that will be discussed include femicide and domestic violence. The article also provides some ideas that illustrate how Guatemala and El Salvador can change the course of gender-based violence.
The Global Majority E-Journal is published twice a year and freely available online. The journal publishes articles that discuss critical issues for the lives of the global majority. The global majority is defined as the more than 80 percent of the world’s population living in developing countries. The topics discussed include poverty, population growth, access to safe water, climate change, agricultural development, etc. The articles are based on research papers written by AU undergraduate students (mostly freshmen) as one of the course requirements for AU’s General Education Course: Econ-110—The Global Majority.